Depth incremental soil samples were collected at an Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada benchmark site (20NB) located in New Brunswick. Site 20NB is 3.5 ha in size and is under conventional up and down slope potato production (slope gradients: 2 to 17 %). Soil samples were collected across the landscape using two grid patterns (25 x 25 m over the entire field and 12.5 x 12.5 m at the most convex part of the field) and were analyzed for 137Cs, total C, total N, and Mehlich-available nutrients. Preliminary analyses suggest that both tillage and water erosion are major erosive agents at this field site, but that tillage erosion is the dominant soil redistribution process. Current inventories of 137Cs will also be compared to those previously taken at 20NB in 1990 and 1996 to compare soil redistribution over a shorter timescale (ca. 10 – 15 years). It is clear that both water and tillage erosion must be considered when choosing implements and developing best management practices for potato production in Atlantic Canada.