Carl R. Crozier1, Ronnie Heiniger2, Gary T. Roberson3, Robert Austin4, Rafael Silva Santos5 and Rodrigo Nogueira de Sousa5, (1)207 Research Station Road, North Carolina State University, Plymouth, NC (2)Crop Science, North Carolina State Univ., Plymouth, NC (3)Biological & Agricultural Engineering, North Carolina State Univ., Raleigh, NC (4)Soil Science, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC (5)Dept. de Solo, Universidade Federal de Vicosa, Vicosa, Minas Gerais, Brazil
Corn (Zea mays L.) N rate and timing trials were used to evaluate the performance of the Trimble Greenseeker N sensor in a series of ten field experiments during the 2013 to 2015 crop seasons. Sites were located in North Carolina Coastal Plain and Mountain regions, and included sites differing widely in yield potential and soil texture, drainage class, and organic matter. The protocol established a range in initial crop N status due to N rates at planting ranging from 0 to 260 kg ha-1, followed by sidedress N rates of 0, 84, or 168 kg ha-1 at either V7 or V12. Sensor evaluation trials with a limited set of row segments found consistent differentiation among control and N-rich treatments at V5, V7, V10 and V12 with either full sun (midday) or low light (early morning or late evening), and when operated at heights above the canopy ranging from 0- to 1.5 m. Consistent trends in NDVI values with lighting conditions and with height above the plant canopy were noted. Sites differed in the nature of the response to total N rates and in the relative response to sidedress N. Correlations of sensor NDVI values with crop yields, and correlations of relative NDVI(N rich strip / treatment strip) with yield response to sidedress will be discussed.