Justin Anderson1, Thomas J Kono1, Robert Stupar2, Michael Benjamin Kantar3 and Peter Morrell1, (1)Agronomy and Plant Genetics, University of Minnesota, St. Paul, MN (2)1991 Upper Buford Circle, University of Minnesota, St Paul, MN (3)3029 Lowrey Ave., University of Hawaii at Manoa, Honolulu, HI
Natural populations across a species range demonstrate population structure owing to neutral processes such as localized origins of mutations and limits on migration. Selection also acts on a subset of loci, contributing to local adaptation. An understanding of the genetic basis of adaptation to local environmental conditions is a fundamental goal in basic biological research. When applied to crop wild relatives, this same research provides the opportunity to identify adaptive genetic variation that may be used to breed for crops better adapted to novel or changing environments. The present study explores an ex situ conservation collection, the USDA germplasm collection, genotyped at 32,416 SNPs to identify population structure and test for associations with bioclimatic and biophysical conditions variables in Glycine soja, the wild progenitor of Glycine max (soybean). A number of candidate loci were detected that putatively contribute to adaptation to abiotic stresses. The identification of potentially adaptive variants in ex situ collection may permit a more targeted use of germplasm collections.