Possible Reasons of Giving up Arable Farming in the Western Hungarian Region.
Karoly Penksza1, Viktor Gronas1, Attila Barczi1, Csaba Centeri2, and Akos Balogh1. (1) Szent Istvan University, Dept. of Landscape Ecology, Pater K. u. 1., Godollo, 2100, Hungary, (2) Szent Istvan University, Dept. of Nature Conservation, Pater K. u. 1., Godollo, 2100, Hungary
The aim of the research was to prepare a manual for the reuse of the arable lands that – for some reason – were abandoned. During the preparation of this manual, living– and non-living (e.g. soil) capabilities, the interest of environment– and nature protection were taken into account. We were also dealing with the possibilities of land use change and with revealing the possibilities of applications for funds. During our work we fulfilled the task of surveying and evaluating the possibilities of reusing the abandoned arable lands, roadsides and forest trips as a part of the tasks in connection with the long term development plan of the Western Hungarian region. The tool for our task was the survey of the possible natural causes of arable land abandonment (e.g. soil, water, relief etc. capabilities and problems/faults) and the possibility of refitting the arable land in the landscape. We chose typical sample sites to describe the region's connecting problems, to draw a picture about the soil– and landscape of the region. It is a typical landscape where arable farming is the main land use form. Based on this description of the landscape the evaluation of the present state we made suggestions for choosing future land use, taking possible funds and subsidies into account.