Experiences of the Introduced Hungarian National Agri-Environmental Program.
Viktor Grónás1, Márta Belényesi2, Julianna Magyari2, and Csaba Centeri3. (1) Szent Istvan Univ, Dept of Landscape Ecology, Pater K. u. 1., Godollo, 2100, Hungary, (2) Szent Istvan Univ, Dept of Geoinformatics, Pater K. u. 1., Godollo, 2100, Hungary, (3) Szent Istvan Univ, Dept of Nature Conservation, Pater K. u. 1., Godollo, 2100, Hungary
Soil is a non-renewable natural resource. Accurate soil and land management methods are essential to make agricultural policy effective at all scales. Negotiation in the fields of agriculture, environment and nature protection in connection with the National Agri-Environmental Program (NAEP) in Hungary started in August 1996. The Government approved the National Agri-Environmental Program and provided for its introduction to take effect on the 1st of January, 2000. The first main type is the so-called horizontal, or country target projects, which cover the total country area of agricultural land use. By supporting environment-friendly production and management methods in various land use systems, the objective of these projects is to promote the establishment of a new development model of Hungarian agricultural management, which is sustainable and competitive in the long term. To this end, the projects, by various support programs, promote the spread of environmental approach in the management planning, integrated crop production, horticulture and ecological management and also the appropriate utilization of grasslands and wet habitats and the introduction of environment-friendly livestock production. We show an example how we use soil information and soil maps for planning an NAEP site in Hungary. It is important in the NAEP to make a list of the participants in order of the susceptibility of their areas to erosion. The more susceptible areas get the more funds, the less susceptible areas will receive less funds. We prepared an erosion map on our target area that we wish to present. It is an example where soil science and soil erosion assessment, agricultural production and nature protection work together for a better future.