136-2 Improving Phosphorus Fertilizer Use Efficiency With Fertilizer Applied Resins (AVAIL) for Brazil and Idaho Soils.
Poster Number 2006
Improvements in P fertilizer efficiency have been researched over the last 50 years with benefits in placement, timing, rates as well as forms of P fertilizer. The limited availability of phosphorus (P) in calcareous and acidic soils can be a major factor that limits crop production. It has been observed that liquid P fertilizer is more mobile and available for plant uptake in highly calcareous soils than granular P fertilizer containing the same P rate.
The objectives of this study were to investigate mobility and availability of P from monoammonium phosphate (MAP), diammonium phosphate (DAP) and ammonium polyphosphate (APP) fertilizers alone or with AVAIL®, a fertilizer enhancement product, on different soil types, and to examine the relationship between both P reaction products and improvements in soil available P. All soils were incubated in petri dishes containing five replicates of each fertilizer treatment at the center for five weeks at 25o C. At the end of the incubation period, four concentric sections of soil surrounding the P fertilizer placement point from each dish were removed and individually analyzed. Measurements included soil pH, total P, resin extractable P, scanning electron microscopy-energy dispersive x-ray analysis of granules and P reaction products using synchrotron based x-ray absorption near-edge structure spectroscopy. The data shows enhanced diffusion and/or solubility of some P sources in a number of soils and increased P availability in P reaction products which are more soluble and plant available.