361-5 Bayesian Mapping of Multiple Traits in Maize: the Importance of Pleiotropic Effects in Studying the Inheritance of Quantitative Traits.
Poster Number 1321
mapping. Additionally, we sought to obtain a better understanding of the inheritance, extent and distribution of pleiotropic effects of several components in maize production. The design III procedure was used from a population derived from the cross of the inbred lines L-14-04B and L-08-05F. Two hundred and fifty plants were genotyped with 177 microsatellite markers and backcrossed to both parents giving rise to 500 backcrossed progenies, which were evaluated in six environments for grain yield and its components. The results of this study suggest that mapping isolated traits limits our understanding of the genetic architecture of quantitative traits. This architecture can be better understood by using pleiotropic networks that facilitate the visualization of the complexity of quantitative inheritance, and this characterization will help to develop new selection strategies. It was also possible to confront the
idea that it is feasible to identify QTLs for complex traits such as grain yield, as pleiotropy acts prominently on its subtraits and as this ‘‘trait’’ can be broken down and predicted almost completely by the QTLs of its components. Additionally, pleiotropic QTLs do not necessarily signify pleiotropy of allelic interactions, and this indicates that the pervasive pleiotropy does not limit the genetic adaptability of plants.