391-9 Advanced Study In The Distribution Of Vertisols and Vertic Soils In China.
Poster Number Remote
Cryerts are distributed beyond 46.5o of N. latitude of Songnen River basin. They formed from clayish deposits of shallow lakes in Qp2+3and clayish soft rocks (K). They are surrounding with volcanoes.
Torrerts are identified in Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous region which climate belongs to semi-desert and desert. Semi-soft rocks (J, K) and unconsolidated red clayish deposits (N) appear on the land surface surrounding the edge of basins According to X-ray diffraction tests, the smectite content is up to 95% averagely in reddish- clayey profile and the semi-soft rocks (J, K) are the second rich in smectite. The Torrerts distribute on old plains receiving their sediments (Qp3).
Xerertsare distributed in Yili Basin in Xinjiang where belongs to Mediterranean climatic type with unconsolidated reddish- clayey deposits around the Basin. The Xererts are derived from the secondary deposits of the reddish materials by rivers.
Some newly findings on distributions in addition to previous studies are:
Uderts in basins in Jiangxi, in Hubei, in Sichuan provinces and on the basalt tableland in Zhejiang province,
Ustertsin south-western Sichuan province where the very long tern influence of volcanic activity (P) appears, also on Loess Plateau including the western Henan province.
Aqertsaround the lake and in lowlands on Yunnan Plateau…
A new map of the distribution of Vertisols and Vertic soils in China is compiled.