106316 Late-Season Photosynthetic Rate and Senescence Were Associated with Grain Yield in Winter Wheat of Diverse Origins.
Poster Number 116
Wednesday, October 25, 2017
Tampa Convention Center, East Exhibit Hall
There is a lack of studies that have investigated grain yield, its components, and photosynthesis in late stages of wheat growth, giving us insufficient understanding of how these factors interact to contribute to yield during this period. As a result, three field experiments were carried out examining 20 winter wheat genotypes of diverse origins under irrigated, terminal drought, and dryland conditions. Our objective was to evaluate the interaction between post-anthesis physiological traits, especially leaf-level photosynthetic capacity, senescence, and yield components on grain yield in different moisture regimes. Genotype differences were found in leaf-level photosynthesis and senescence, canopy temperature depression, grain yield, and yield components in each water regime. Grain yield was closely associated with traits related to grain numbers. In all three moisture regimes, positive correlations were observed between grain yield and photosynthesis that were dependent on the timing or physiological growth stage of the photosynthetic measurement: highly significant correlations were found in the mid- and late grain filling stages, but no correlations at anthesis. Consistent with these findings, flag leaf senescence at the late grain filling stage was negatively correlated with grain yield and photosynthetic rate (under terminal drought and dryland conditions). These findings provided evidence that grain yield was sink limited until the final stages of growth, at which time sustained photosynthesis and delayed senescence were critical in filling grain. Because the trends were consistent in moisture sufficient and deficient conditions, the results suggest that late season photosynthesis and delayed leaf senescence is driven by the size of the reproductive carbon sink, which was largely governed by factors affecting grain numbers.