Marissa Porter1, Haiying Tao1, William L Pan2, Karen Sowers3, Laban Molsee4 and Dennis Roe4, (1)Crop and Soil Sciences, Washington State University, Pullman, WA (2)PO Box 646420, Washington State University, Pullman, WA (3)Washington State University, Richland, WA (4)Washington State University, Pullman, WA
Winter canola has potential as an alternative cash crop to wheat when market prices for wheat are low. Canola also has tremendous rotational benefits for soil health, weed and disease control, and the subsequent wheat crop. Careful fertility management is important to ensure maximum yield and quality; however, fertility management research specifically for winter canola production is limited. In fall 2016, we began three nitrogen (N) fertility trials to investigate the optimum rate and timing of N-fertilizer application for winter canola. Trials are established in three areas that represent different yield potentials, soil types, crop rotations, and climatic conditions. Two dryland trials are located near the towns of St. John and Hartline in Washington (WA) State and one irrigated trial is located near Odessa, WA. The primary objectives are to learn N uptake during growing seasons, to estimate optimum rate and the best timing for N application for canola grown in different environment with different yield potentials, and to evaluate how N affect canola yield and oil content.