Chengyi Zhao1, yongxiang Yu2, Chunmei Zhu2 and changyan Tian3, (1)Chinese Academy of Sciences, Urumqi, Xinjiang, CHINA (2)Xinjiang Institute of Ecology and Geography, CAS, Urumqi, China (3)Xinjiang Institute of Ecology and Geography,CAS, Urumqi, China
Effect of plastic mulching and nitrapyrin on N2O concentration and emissions in China under climate change
Chengyi Zhao, Yongxiang Yu, Chunmei Zhu, Changyan Tian
Xinjiang Institute of Ecology and Geography, Chinese Academy of Sciences, No. 818 South Beijing Road, Urumqi 830011, China
Fertilized agricultural soils are the main source of atmospheric nitrous oxide (N2O). In this study, both soil N2O concentration in the profile and N2O emission were measured to quantify the effect of plastic mulching and nitrapyrin on N2O dynamic in an oasis cotton field. During the observation period, both N2O concentration and N2O emissions rapidly increased following fertigation, and soil temperature, moisture and mineral N content were the main factors influencing N2O. Temporal variation in N2O emission coincided with changes in N2O content in all soil layers, indicating that the accumulation of N2O likely drives the release of N2O into the atmosphere. The crop yields, N2O content (the sum of aqueous and gaseous phases) in the soil and N2O emissions increased linearly as the application of N fertilizer increased from 80 to 400 kg N ha-1. Plastic mulching increased the crop yields by 16-21%, increased the N2O contents by 88-99%, and reduced the cumulative N2O emissions by 19-28%, indicating that the application of plastic film reduced N2O emission probably through restricted the N2O diffusion process, and limited the N2O production through enhanced the N uptake of cotton. The addition of nitrapyrin to the N fertilizer significantly reduced the levels of N2O without influencing crop yield, with N2O content in the soil profile and cumulative N2O emissions decreasing by 25-32% and 23-42%, respectively. Overall, our result suggested the combined use of plastic film and nitrapyrin could be an efficient practice to reduce N2O emission in the oasis cotton field.
Keywords: N2O emissions; plastic film mulching; nitrapyrin; climate change